Citing Your Sources

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Citing Sources
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Elements necessary in any citation:



Periodical articles

Web sites


All authors named; editor(s) usually considered author All authors named All authors named, personal or corporate


Complete title and complete subtitle Complete title of article Title of web site/page

Publication information

City, publisher, year of publication Periodical title, volume and date of periodical; page numbers of article URL, date retrieved or used

Source: List, Carla. An Introduction to Information Research. Dubuque, Ia.: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1998, p. 129.

How to Cite:

For more information, see: 


Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Sixth edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.


Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 2nd ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1998.

Bibliography Styles Handbook: MLA Format. Sep. 1999. Writers’ Workshop, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 27 Nov. 2000


American Psychological Association. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 4th ed. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1994.

Electronic reference formats recommended by the American Psychological Association. (2000, August 22). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Retrieved November 27, 2000, from the World Wide Web:


Li, Xia and Nancy B. Crane. Electronic Styles: A Handbook for Citing Electronic Information. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, 1996.

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