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The text below is excerpted from the book Racial Identity in School Practices.  You will notice that the book chapter includes a reference list at the end.  Some books also place reference lists for each individual chapter at the end of the book instead of the end of the chapter. This can be used to identify additional sources on your topic.

Rosa Hernández Sheets

Racial and Ethnic Identity in School Practices : Aspects of Human Development

Mahwah, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 1999.

[Excerpted from the end of chapter 1]

... to the need to help nonminority children and their parents examine their lack of valuing racial and ethnic salience in their own lives. It also highlights the need for parents to think about how they can talk to their children about the realities of race in American society without being defensive or apologetic.


Aboud, F. (1988). Children and prejudice. New York: Blackwell.

Adams, G., Bennion, L., & Huh, K. (1989). Objective measure of ego identity status: A reference manual. Available from Gerald Adams, Department of Family Studies, University of Guelph. Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Adams, G., & Shea J. (1979). The relationship between identity status, locus of control and ego development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 8(1), 81–89.

Asher, S., & Allen, V. (1969). Racial preference and social comparison processes. Journal of Social Issues, 25(1), 157–166.

Atwater, E. (1996). Adolescence (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Baldwin, J. (1979). Theory and research concerning the notion of Black self-hatred: A review and reinterpretation. The Journal of Black Psychology, 5(2), 51–77.

Banks, J. (1984). Black youths in predominantly White suburbs: An exploratory study of their attitudes and self-concepts. Journal of Negro Education, 53(1), 3–17.

Bernal, M., & Knight, G. (1993). Ethnic identity: Formation and transmission among Hispanics and other minorities. Albany: State University of New York Press.

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